Desiccant Disposal Creating Environmental and Health Issues (Part. 1)
The desiccants used to protect coffee and cocoa during transport and storage primarily consist of calcium chloride and a binding agent. When it comes to disposal of used desiccant bags, most are dumped in general household waste along other waste streams.
In the majority of developed countries, disposed bags are burnt in municipal incinerators, not in a hazardous waste incinerator as desiccant bags are deemed to be non-hazardous mixtures and environmentally friendly. In developing countries they are often put into landfill, where they are burnt alongside domestic waste as a result of spontaneous combustion or intentional burning by individuals that earn an income from picking waste.
In developed countries, desiccants are often put into landfill, where they are burnt alongside domestic waste.
Nordic Dry has researched the dangers of disposal of chloride laden desiccant bags and has made a number of important discoveries, particularly relating to burning used desiccants, which can release chemicals into atmosphere. The most notable of these toxins, furans, and corrosive acid gases. (Continued…)